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Can Cannabis Cause Infertility?

Cannabis is becoming a very common part of everyday lifestyle more and more with the establishment of recreational dispensaries in multiple locations. From food and drinks to skincare and medicine, there are several forms of cannabis-related products in different industries that go beyond the typical smoking. When it comes to healthcare, there are several concerns about the use of cannabis recreationally, and medically, especially when it comes to fertility and reproductive health. But, before diving into the details, here is a quick recap of cannabis and its effects.

What is Cannabis? -Overview of effects and interactions with other drugs

Cannabis, also known as hemp, is a plant that has been around for several decades. Its benefits are extensive and found in its chemical components. CBD is the short form of Cannabidiol, which is derived from the hemp plant. CBD is one of the most common active compounds in marijuana, the other being Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBD doesn't cause any 'high' psychological effects unlike THC, and it is often researched for medical purposes for this reason. Recent researchers have found that CBD has therapeutic benefits for several illnesses, diseases, and ailments, such as Inflammation, Epileptic seizures, Chronic pain, Cancer symptoms, Insomnia, Anxiety, and Depression. When CBD use is incorporated with other drugs, there is a likelihood of an anti-reaction. This anti-reactivity is due to the interpolation of the chemical compounds in CBD and those found in the drugs. For medication that has to do with the heart, CBD can cause a repressive state, and it is typically advised not to consume CBD in any form, while on prescribed medication, without consulting with your physician.

CBD and Infertility

Cannabis use affects the overall health, and yes that includes the condition of the sperm. However, it is not an open-and-close statement that CBD affects infertility. While there is not extensive research into CBD and female infertility, studies have suggested that cannabis use can decrease sperm count. A 2015 study found that smoking cannabis more than once a week was associated with 28% lower sperm concentration and a 29% lower total sperm count in the study population. Those who used cannabis more than once a week, with other recreational substances, had a 52% lower sperm concentration and 55% lower total sperm count. This study may appear to be contributive to the discussion on CBD and Infertility . When it comes to female fertility, there is even more limited research. Studies have found that smoking marijuana can decrease ovulation and affect the success of an IVF procedure. But this research focuses more on THC than CBD, which is quite understandable considering the psychoactive effects of THC on the human mind and body.

The implication of CBD use for fertility

In the study of CBD and its effects on fertility, research is very limited. However, we can still devise that, like any chemical component ingested into the system, CBD may have some effects on the physiology and psychology of the individual, which may result in effects on their fertility. Though we cannot confirm that CBD can boost fertility or resolve infertility, you must consume cannabis, in any form, with caution. Right now, CBD is classified as a supplement, and because supplements are not given a high level of scrutiny, their labels can be misleading. One report showed that nearly half of CBD products contained more CBD than was listed on the label, and one-quarter had less. Seeing as you can't regulate the dosage of CBD, it's hard to regulate its safety or its effectiveness, as relates to fertility. However, studies on the effects of marijuana exposure on perinatal and neonatal period have raised concerns learning, focus, and an overall intellectual deficit when fetus are exposed to marijuana intake and in infants via breast milk, if the mother smokes marijuana, or consumes it in other forms, whilst pregnant.


If you are trying to conceive, it is best to avoid cannabis for about six months before any planned conception in order to rule out the possibility that CBD has an effect on your fertility. As a man, watching your sperm count and use of recreational cannabis is very important if you are trying to conceive because you cannot be certain of its effects until you are no longer consuming it. Above all else, practice safe use of any drug or alcohol substance because they can inhibit your overall health, and in turn affect your fertility. Before engaging in any activity or consumption of any chemical substance, be sure to inform your medical practitioner. Always consult your physician regarding dosages of cannabis or adjustments to be sure that it doesn't spike or regress any other drugs or medical conditions.

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